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Golden Valley Botanicals

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Quail Eggs

Unwashed Coturnix Quail Eggs for Eating or for Hatching (Local Pick Up Only)

We are offering a rare assorted mix of fertilized Coturnix Quail Eggs, now available through Rosebird Farms Local Food Marketplace! They will also also soon be available to order directly through our Website for local pick up at West of Third in Kingman, Arizona.

We have a variety of different colors/ breeds (Celadon / Brown /Jumbo Wild / Calico / German Sparkly / Tibetan / Cinnamon). Our Quail are humanely raised in a large aviary, not a small cage, with feed supplemented with plenty of fresh veggies and greens.

These can be used for eating or hatching (an embryo does not develop until the incubation process begins). If eggs are not for hatching wash prior to consuming, must be refrigerated once washed.

Quail eggs are a tiny powerhouse of nutrition! Packed with high-quality protein, essential vitamins like C, A, B-12, riboflavin, and minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, selenium, and beneficial fatty acids, these little wonders offer a range of health benefits. They provide brain-boosting choline, support bone health, enhance immune function, and contribute to healthy skin and vision. Quail eggs are a nutritious addition to your diet, offering a small package with big benefits. The eggs are cleaned but not washed, to keep the natural protective bloom on the shells intact.

Hatching Quail Eggs

If you are ready to start your quail raising adventure, you will need an incubator! Hatch rate will vary, but if properly incubated you can normally expect around 45-50% hatch rate. We recommend letting the eggs sit at room temperature, small side pointed down 12 to 24 hours before starting incubation so that the eggs can settle. 

To successfully incubate fertilized quail eggs and hatch them in an incubator, you need to create an optimal environment that mimics the conditions required for embryonic development. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to incubate quail eggs:

  1. Double check the eggs. The eggs should be clean, without cracks or deformities, and should not be stored for an extended period before incubation.
  2. Prepare the Incubator: Clean and sanitize the incubator before use. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for setting up the incubator and ensure it maintains a stable temperature and humidity throughout the incubation period. The ideal temperature for quail eggs is around 99.5°F (37.5°C).
  3. Set Up the Egg Trays: Place the quail eggs in the incubator’s egg trays, with the pointed end slightly lower than the blunt end. This positioning helps the embryo develop in the correct orientation. Avoid overcrowding the eggs, as it can impact heat distribution and ventilation.
  4. Maintain Proper Humidity: Quail eggs require specific humidity levels for successful incubation. During the first 14 days, maintain a relative humidity of around 50-60%. In the final days of incubation (days 15-18), increase the humidity to around 65-70%. You can use a hygrometer to monitor and adjust humidity levels accordingly.
  5. Turn the Eggs: Quail eggs should be turned regularly to prevent the embryos from sticking to the shell. Ideally, turn the eggs three to five times a day, ensuring they receive a consistent and gentle rotation. Mark one side of the egg with an “X” and the other side with an “O” to help you keep track of the turns.
  6. Monitor Temperature and Ventilation: Regularly check the incubator’s temperature to ensure it remains stable. Keep an eye on the ventilation system to maintain adequate air exchange. Proper ventilation helps prevent the accumulation of carbon dioxide and promotes healthy embryo development.
  7. Candle the Eggs: Around day 7, you can candle the eggs to check for signs of development. Use a bright light source to gently shine through the eggs. Fertile eggs will show veins and a developing embryo. Discard any infertile or non-viable eggs to avoid potential issues.
  8. Prepare for Hatching: As you approach day 16 or 17, stop turning the eggs and increase the humidity. This helps create a suitable environment for the chicks to hatch. Avoid opening the incubator frequently during this period to maintain stable temperature and humidity levels.
  9. Hatching Process: Quail eggs usually take around 17-18 days to hatch. During this period, you may notice the chicks pecking at the shell and starting to emerge. It’s crucial to allow them to hatch naturally without assistance. Opening the shell prematurely can harm the chicks.
  10. Post-Hatch Care: Once the chicks have hatched, leave them in the incubator for a few hours to dry off and gain strength. Then, transfer them to a brooder, a warm and safe enclosure with a heat source, bedding, food, and water. Provide appropriate nutrition and care to ensure their healthy growth.

Remember to consult the specific guidelines provided by the manufacturer of your incubator, as slight variations in instructions may exist. Monitoring and adjusting environmental conditions throughout the incubation process are essential for a successful hatch.

Caring for Coturnix Quail Chicks

Taking care of newly hatched Coturnix quail chicks requires attention to their basic needs and providing a suitable environment for their growth and development. Here are some basic guidelines:

  1. Brooder Setup: Prepare a brooder box or enclosure specifically designed for young quail chicks. The brooder should be clean, draft-free, and safe from predators. Line the bottom of the brooder with a layer of clean bedding material, such as pine shavings, to provide traction and absorb moisture.
  2. Temperature Control: Maintain a warm and stable temperature in the brooder. For the first week, the temperature should be around 95°F (35°C). Gradually decrease the temperature by about 5°F (2-3°C) each week until reaching the ambient room temperature. Use a heat source, such as a heat lamp or a brooder plate, positioned at one end of the brooder to create a temperature gradient. This allows the chicks to move to a warmer or cooler area as needed.
  3. Food and Water: Provide fresh, clean water in shallow containers or chick waterers that are easily accessible to the chicks. Use small marbles or pebbles in the water container to prevent the chicks from drowning. Offer a high-quality quail starter feed specifically formulated for young quail chicks. You can also provide finely chopped or ground-up fresh greens, such as spinach or parsley, as an additional source of nutrition.
  4. Proper Nutrition: Ensure the quail chicks have access to a balanced diet. Quail starter feed should contain the necessary nutrients, including protein, vitamins, and minerals, for healthy growth. Follow the feeding instructions provided by the feed manufacturer. It’s important to monitor their feeding behavior and adjust the amount of feed offered accordingly.
  5. Lighting: Provide a consistent light source in the brooder to help the chicks establish a regular day-night cycle. Use a red or infrared bulb, as it helps reduce stress and encourages natural behavior. Aim for approximately 16-18 hours of light per day during the first week, gradually reducing it to match the natural daylight cycle.
  6. Hygiene and Cleanliness: Keep the brooder clean and dry to prevent the buildup of waste and potential health issues. Replace bedding material regularly and clean the water containers daily. Maintain good ventilation while ensuring drafts are avoided.
  7. Socialization and Enrichment: Quail chicks are social animals and benefit from interaction with their flock mates. Ensure the chicks have enough space to move around and engage in natural behaviors. Provide small perches or platforms in the brooder to encourage exercise and muscle development.
  8. Health Monitoring: Regularly observe the chicks for signs of illness, abnormal behavior, or distress. Watch for symptoms like lethargy, reduced appetite, unusual droppings, or abnormal breathing. If you notice any concerns, consult a veterinarian with experience in poultry health.

Taking care of newly hatched Coturnix quail chicks requires attention to their environment, nutrition, temperature, and overall well-being. Providing a suitable brooder setup, proper nutrition, and a clean and safe environment will help ensure the healthy growth and development of your quail babies.

Characteristics of Coturnix Quail

Coturnix quail, also known as Japanese quail or Pharaoh quail, are small game birds that are commonly raised for their meat and eggs. They belong to the family Phasianidae, which also includes pheasants, partridges, and chickens. Here’s everything you need to know about Coturnix quail:

  1. Physical Description: Coturnix quail are small birds, measuring about 6-8 inches (15-20 cm) in length. They have plump bodies, short wings, and a small head with a pointed beak. The plumage of the quail varies depending on the specific breed and color mutation, but typically they have a mottled brown or grayish-brown coloration. Males are usually more vibrantly colored than females and have a distinctive rusty-red throat patch.
  2. Natural Habitat: Coturnix quail are native to East Asia, particularly Japan. They inhabit grasslands, agricultural fields, and scrublands. They are also migratory birds and can be found in various other regions, including Europe, North America, and Australia.
  3. Domestication and Breeding: Coturnix quail have been domesticated for centuries, primarily for their meat and eggs. They are relatively easy to keep and breed, requiring minimal space and resources compared to other poultry. They are sexually mature at around 6-8 weeks of age, and breeding pairs can be housed together in a ratio of one male to four or five females. The female quail lay small speckled eggs that are typically tan or light brown in color.
  4. Meat Production: Coturnix quail are known for their tender and flavorful meat, which is often compared to chicken. They have a high meat-to-bone ratio, making them an efficient choice for meat production. Quail meat is lean and rich in protein, and it is consumed in various cuisines around the world. The meat can be used in a variety of dishes, including grilling, frying, roasting, and stewing.
  5. Egg Production: Coturnix quail are prolific layers and are highly valued for their eggs. A single female quail can lay between 200-300 eggs per year, depending on the breed and management practices. Quail eggs are smaller in size compared to chicken eggs but are highly nutritious. They have a unique speckled appearance and are considered a delicacy in many countries. Quail eggs can be hard-boiled, pickled, used in baking, or enjoyed as an appetizer.
  6. Benefits of Keeping Coturnix Quail: There are several advantages to raising Coturnix quail. They require less space compared to chickens, making them suitable for urban or backyard farming. They reach maturity quickly, allowing for a fast turnover in meat and egg production. They are also hardy birds that are relatively resistant to diseases. Additionally, their small size and gentle nature make them easier to handle compared to larger poultry.
  7. Quail as Pets: Some people also keep Coturnix quail as pets or for ornamental purposes. They are relatively quiet birds and don’t require a large amount of space. However, it’s important to note that quail are primarily game birds and may have specific care requirements that differ from typical pet birds.
  8. Quail Farming: Coturnix quail farming has gained popularity worldwide due to the high demand for quail products. Quail farming can be done on a small scale, as a backyard venture, or on a larger commercial scale. Proper housing, nutrition, and disease management are essential for successful quail farming.

Remember to check with your local regulations and guidelines before considering raising Coturnix quail, as there may be specific rules regarding the ownership and management of game birds in your area.

Feel free to contact us with any questions!

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